The well-equipped kitchen of the Rubens House included a large hearth, meat hooks and a wide variety of kitchenware, including multi-coloured majolica jugs and pots.
Majolica or faience (named after Faenza in Northern Italy, which was one of the major centres of production) is a type of earthenware that uses tin glaze. An opaque layer of tin glaze forms an ideal surface for drawing and colouring. The designs are made on the unbaked glaze, and the object is then fired in the kiln.
Majolica originated in the Middle East in an attempt to imitate Chinese porcelain. In the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance there were a number of important majolica centres in Spain and Italy. With the arrival of Italian potters in the sixteenth century, Antwerp became renowned for its Majolica ware as well.
Antwerp, sixteenth-seventeenth century